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II. God

 

    31)  What do we mean when we say: I believe in one God?

    When we say: I believe in one God, we express our conviction, that God exists, and that God. both  in essence and in person is the only One.

    Even  reason  comprehends God as only one; God, as the highest reality cannot be more than one.

    The Bible teaches about God's indivisible unity:   

Thus says the Lord...I am the first and I am the last besides me there is no God.   Isaiah 44,6

Hear, O Israel: The Lord is our God, the Lord alone... Deuteronomy 6,4

Hear, O Israel: the Lord our God, the Lord is one... Mark 12,29b

Jesus said to him: "Why do you call me good? No one is good but God alone. Mark 10,18.

...one God and Father of all, who is above all and through all and in all.   Ephesians 4,6

 

32. How are we to comprehend God?

    We comprehend God as Spirit and as Love.

God is Spirit and those who worship him must worship in spirit and truth. John 4,24

No one has ever seen God. The only son who is close to the Father's heart, who has made him known.   John 1,18

Now the Lord is the Spirit and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is freedom.  2 Corinthians 3,17

33.  It is possible to portray God?

   We cannot portray in pictures or sculptures because God is spirit. Therefore those who worship God - according to Jesus' teaching - must worship God in spirit and truth.

Since we are God's offspring, we ought not to think that the deity is like gold, or silver, or stone, an image formed by the art and imagination of mortals.   Acts 17,29

34. How can we know God?

    We can know God from his creative and providential works.

35. What do we mean by the creative work of God?

    By creative work of God we mean that the whole universe and all of our lives  are the  creation of God.

In the beginning when God created the heaven and the earth... Genesis 1,1

Yet, O Lord, you are our Father, we are the clay and you are the potter; we are all the work of your hand. Isaiah 64,8

The God who made the world and everything in it, he who is Lord of heaven and earth, does not live in shrines made by human hands, Acts 17,24

36. What do we mean by the providential work of God?

    By providential work of God we mean that God takes care of all of his creatures,  he arranges everything according to purposes most wise and guides it on the pathway of perfection toward the Kingdom of God.

37. How does God preserve the order of this world and how does  he provide for his creatures?

    God maintain the order of this world with his laws. Also, God provides for his creatures through these laws.

The laws of God are perfect and eternal laws.

The law of the Lord is perfect, reviving the soul; the decrees of the Lord are sure, making wise the simple; the precepts of the Lord are right, rejoicing the heart; the commandments of the Lord is clear, enlightening the eyes; the fear of the Lord is pure, enduring forever; the ordinance of the Lord are true and righteous altogether.    Psalm 19,7-9.

38. How is God presented by his creative and providential works?

    The creative and providential works of God present him as: eternal, perfect, omnipotent, good, just and merciful. These qualities result from his fatherly love.

39. What do we mean: God is eternal?

    When we say: God is eternal, we mean that God was always and will be forever.

Psalm 102,26-28: They will perish, but thou dost endure; they will all wear out like a garment. Thou changes them like raiment, and they pass away, but thou art the same and thy years have no end. The children of the servants shall dwell secure; their posterity shall be established before thee.

Psalm 90,2: Before the mountains were brought forth, or ever thou hadst formed the earth and the world, from everlasting to everlasting thou art God.

40. What do we mean: God is perfect?

    When we say, God is perfect, we mean that all of God's creation and activity is the best and the most correct and that the instruments he uses for the fulfillment of his laws are always the most suitable that could be chosen.

   Be perfect, therefore as your heavenly Father is perfect. Matthew 5,48.

    Can you find out the deep things of God? Can you find out the limit of the Almighty? It is higher than heaven - what you can do? Deeper than Sheol - what can you know? Its measure is longer than the earth and broader than the sea.   Job 11,7-9

41. What do we mean: God is omnipotent?

    When we say, God is omnipotent, we mean that God can do all he wants, but does not act contrary to his laws.

    Jesus looked at them and said, "for mortals it is impossible, but for God all things are possible. Matthew 19,26.

42.  What do we mean: God is good?

    When we say, God is good, we mean that he does only good with all of his creatures, not only with those who are good and worthy, but with those who are worthy of punishment as well.

   And he said to him, "Why do you ask me about what is good? There is only one who is good..." Matthew 19,17

    So we have known and believe the love that God has for us. God is love, and those who abide in love abide in God,  and God abides in them.    1 John 4,16

43. What do we mean: God is just?

    When we say, God is just, we mean that God judges our lives and all of our deeds, rewarding the good and punishing evil. Everyone must bear the consequences of his or her life and works.

See: Romans 2,6-11: For he will render to every man according to his works: to those who be patience in well-doing seek for glory and honor and immortality, he will give eternal life; but for those who are factious and do not obey the truth, but obey wickedness, there will be wrath and fury. There will be tribulation and distress for every human being who does evil, the Jew first and also the Greek, but glory and honor and peace for every one who does good, the Jew first and also the Greek. For God shows no partiality.

44. What do we mean: God is merciful?

    When we say, God is merciful, we mean that his fatherly love makes allowances for our faults, gives us time for improvement and to reform ourselves and he forgives us.

See:    Luke 15,11-24   - the prodigal son

45. What does all that we have learned about God persuade us to do?

    All these we learned about God persuades us to worship the one God in spirit and truth, to trust him, to love him and to live and work according to his laws.

 


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